THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE


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AMMA - International

In particular, and in contrast to the Atlantic, for example, which has served as a formidable natural barrier to east-west movement and migration, both the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean have served as important zones of interaction and trade, across which populations have migrated and mixed for at least several thousand years.

Such findings are perhaps not surprising in light of the evidence for human maritime activity dating back to the colonisation of Australia around 45, years ago, but they do suggest that the much more apparent historical evidence for maritime activity has biased maritime research in favour of later periods. This project will accordingly focus on the study of prehistoric maritime activity, and exploration of the specific developments that resulted in the transition from occasional seagoing to regular seafaring and then planned, long-distance voyaging.

To do so, it will draw not only upon the traditional disciplines of archaeology and historical linguistics, but also the powerful new methods of molecular genetics, cladistics, and palaeoenvironmental studies. Such research is important not only for its value to researchers trying to reconstruct the histories of human populations, domesticated plants and animals, technologies and societies, but also for its potentially important role in highlighting for the wider public the cultural exchanges and ethnic mixing that have long characterised human societies.

Activity type Higher or Secondary Education Establishments. Website Contact the organisation. Principal Investigator Nicole Boivin Dr. Administrative Contact Gill Wells Ms.

Year Group 2007/08

Status Closed project. Start date 1 November End date 31 October Prehistoric steps towards globalisation Archaeological fieldwork indicates that important species and population transfers across the Indian Ocean likely took place well before the historical period. The project SEALINKS Bridging continents across the sea: Multi-disciplinary perspectives on the emergence of long-distance maritime contacts in prehistory examined the emergence of early contact, migration and trade in the Indian Ocean, and their relationship to patterns of anthropogenic biological exchange.

Work followed a multidisciplinary approach, bridging the humanities-natural sciences divide, and including archaeology, molecular genetics and historical linguistics. The team also conducted archaeobotanical, zooarchaeological, biomolecular, geochemical and chronometric studies. Project work also included the genetic study of other species, including humans, goats, cats and rice, from selected archaeological sites and locales.

Linguistic studies were conducted in south Asia and numerous Indian Ocean islands.

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Particular focus was placed on southern Indian Ocean routes and how early connections between Africa and Asia unfolded. As such, the work improved understanding of early chronologies and routes of contact and trade, especially for eastern Africa. On the whole, SEALINKS highlights the interconnectivity of distant regions of the globe from an early time period and the fact that societies have not evolved in isolation. The outcomes challenge earlier narratives about the dominance of seafaring and trade by more organised, technologically advanced and state-based societies as well as notions of cultural isolation.

This project succeeded in demonstrating the role of cultural and biological exchange and hybridisation in the long-term shaping of contemporary societies and landscapes. Project work and its findings are important for researchers trying to reconstruct histories of human populations, domesticated plants and animals, technologies and societies. They can also be used to create public awareness of the cultural exchanges and ethnic mixing that have characterised human societies throughout the ages.

Discover other articles in the same domain of application. Final Report Summary - SEALINKS Bridging continents across the sea: Multi-disciplinary perspectives on the emergence of long-distance maritime contacts in prehistory The focus of the Sealinks Project has been on exploring the emergence of early contact, migration, and trade in the Indian Ocean, and their relationship to patterns of anthropogenic biological exchange.

The project has involved a multidisciplinary approach that has brought together disciplines across the humanities-natural sciences divide, including in particular the fields of archaeology, molecular genetics and historical linguistics. The project has involved archaeological fieldwork in India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Tanzania, the Comoros and Madagascar, and has involved excavation at a total of 27 sites, as well as collaboration with researchers working on additional sites. A range of archaeobotanical, zooarchaeological, biomolecular, geochemical and chronometric studies have been undertaken.

The project has undertaken the collection of ancient and modern specimens of taro Colocasia esculenta , black rat Rattus rattus , house mouse Mus musculus and Asian house shrew Suncus murinus from around the Indian Ocean for the purposes of phylogenetic study. Genetic study of other species, including humans, goats, cats, and rice from selected archaeological sites and locales, has also been undertaken in collaboration with other research projects. The results of this work can be discussed in terms of several broad themes: Proto-globalisation The project has examined the emergence of long-distance trade and exchange in the Indian Ocean, focusing in particular on southern Indian Ocean routes and the emergence of early connections between Africa and Asia.

It has improved understanding of early chronologies and routes of contact and trade, particularly for eastern Africa. The project has explored the role of small-scale societies in the emergence of long-distance contacts across the Indian Ocean, challenging earlier narratives about the dominance of seafaring and trade by more organised, technologically advanced and state-based societies.

In particular, the project has examined the poorly understood role of Austronesian language speakers from Southeast Asia in the early Indian Ocean, tracing their early movements through historical linguistic, archaeological and genetic approaches.


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Research on proto-globalisation highlights the inter-connectivity of distant regions of the globe from an early time period, challenging notions of cultural isolation and demonstrating the role of cultural and biological exchange and hybridisation in the long-term shaping of present-day societies and landscapes.

Anthropocene Anthropogenic impacts have emerged as a key area of interest for the project, and focus has been on two areas in particular: a Biological exchange. The last Newsletters An article in SciDev. Net has been published the 5th of May after the diffusion of the International Science Plan AMMA 2 : An international project that studies the West African monsoon will refocus its work to prioritise climate change and to benefit local people Find the abstract book and the Conference presentation presented during the conference.

AMMA is an international interdisciplinary programme dealing with the West African Monsoon, its variability and its impacts on communities in the region.

Register to the diffusion list! Sustainability is an inherent component and explicit goal of people-centered development.

Coming to Terms with a Shattered World: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Violence in Africa

People-centered development calls for the establishment of self-supporting social and economic systems, key elements of a sustainable society. The Manila Declaration stated that people-centered development is the only way to achieve sustainable communities. Expanding beyond the environmental scope of sustainability, it advocates small-scale community actions in order to enhance economic self-reliance and create reliable sources of income. It also calls for debt reductions and blames excessive long-term foreign debt financing for the cyclical repayment burdens and policy impositions that inhibit sustainable development.

David Korten claims that people-centered development is the only way to develop sustainable communities.

1BA Talks: Role of African Youth in Promoting Community Development in Africa

He calls on external development partners to support objectives chosen by the people, building communities' capacity to manage resources and meet local needs independently. The OECD noted that democratic processes are essential to people-centered development because they allow communities to create their own development goals and influence the decisions that determine their quality of life. Community participation and true democratic process demand that people have the means to hold government officials and public institutions accountable.

Communities must have access to relevant, reliable information in order to make the best decisions for themselves and their communities. True democratic processes can only be achieved when men and women are represented equally. The OECD's DAC affirms that the role of external development partners is to enhance developing countries' capacity to meet sustainable development requirements.


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THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE THEMES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE

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